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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

4 edition of Racial Differences in Preterm Delivery found in the catalog.

Racial Differences in Preterm Delivery

Diane Rowley

Racial Differences in Preterm Delivery

Developing a New Research Paradigm

by Diane Rowley

  • 81 Want to read
  • 1 Currently reading

Published by Oxford Univ Pr .
Written in English


ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7387481M
ISBN 100195090306
ISBN 109780195090307

differences in rates of premature and low birth-weight babies. What could account for the differences? JAMES COLLINS (Neonatologist, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago): Originally I thought that the disparity in premature delivery was really driven by socioeconomic differences between African Americans and Size: KB. • Low birth weight and very low birth weight are proxy for preterm birth. • In , % of infant deaths were among babies with a gestational age of less than 37 weeks in Mississippi (compared to % in the nation). • In , the infant mortality rate for babies born prematurely .

  Purpose: Racial disparities in preterm birth have been long recognized, but the social and biological mechanisms for these differences are unclear. Our analysis had three goals: (1) to determine the relation between race and other social risk factors and cervical structure; (2) to determine whether social factors mediate the relation between race and cervical structure; and (3) to determine Cited by: 1. On birth certificates, as on most federal data collection forms, the question regarding whether a person is Hispanic is separate from the question asking whether a person is white, black, Asian or Pacific Islander, or American Indian. Thus, people are asked to select a racial .

the racial disparities in birth outcomes, including preterm birth, low birthweight, and infant mortality. Next, we provide a summary of current research to examine the correlations between race, racism, and poor birth outcomes. Finally, we provide recommendations to policymakersFile Size: KB. Data support the hypothesis that chronic stress is not only associated with preterm birth, but also is a contributor to the racial disparities evident in preterm birth rates in the United States. 4,5, Collins et al. performed a case-control investigation of African-American women with very low birth Cited by:


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Racial Differences in Preterm Delivery by Diane Rowley Download PDF EPUB FB2

Adult African African-American African-American women American anxiety approach assess associated behaviors biological black and white black community black women black/white differences blood pressure cancer clinical Cohort study coping responses depression developed disease disparities in infant Dohrenwend economic effects Epidemiol epidemiologic epidemiologic research ethnic.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: "American journal of preventive medicine, supplement to Volume 9, number 6, November/December ". Summary. In order to assess racial differences in rates of idiopathic preterm labour, preterm premature rupture of membranes, and medically indicated preterm delivery, the authors analysed data on preterm (Cited by: another.

Given the differences in the risks of preterm birth between black and white women, an examination of preterm delivery and its heterogeneous components may shed light on the reasons for this racial disparity. Therefore, the goal of this research was to characterise black/white differences in the risk of idiopathicCited by: Preterm birth remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among nonanomalous neonates, and is a major public health problem.

Non-Hispanic black women have a 2-fold greater risk for preterm birth compared with non-Hispanic white by: Racial and ethnic differences in preterm birth: A complex, multifactorial problem.

Manuck TA(1). Author information: (1)Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Old Clinic Building, CB#, Chapel Hill, NC Electronic address: [email protected] by: Black and Hispanic women in the United States are more likely to deliver preterm (racial disparity in infant death may be driven, in part, by the greater incidence of extremely preterm births (those occurring Cited by: Defining the problem of preterm birth is challenging, because many studies of racial disparity in preterm birth use inconsistent definitions and interchange the terms ‘race’ and ‘ethnicity.’ For example, some studies examine only ‘white’ and ‘black’ populations within the United States, but do so without further classifying individuals with regard to Hispanic by: However, the literature on racial and ethnic disparities in the rates of preterm birth suggests other individual-level characteristics that may be associated with preterm birth Cited by: 4.

Very preterm birth (African-American women have a 2-fold to 3-fold elevated risk compared with non-Hispanic white Cited by: in preterm birth rates between AI/AN and other American women, and addresses several maternal risk factors and barriers that contribute to elevated preterm birth rates among this racial minority group.

Additionally, this paper focuses on recent evidence that geographical location can significantly impact preterm birth rates among AI/AN Size: KB. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Preterm Birth Among American Indian and Alaska Native Women Article (PDF Available) in Maternal and Child Health Journal 20(1) July with Reads.

Competing Claims: The Social Context for Research on Racial Differences in Preterm Delivery Frameworks and Approaches to Analyzing Social and Psychosocial Determinants of Women's Health Receive an update when the latest issues in this journal are published.

In the case of a poor birth outcome (including low birth weight, preterm birth, neonatal death, or stillbirth), the medical home is required to provide follow up maternal and infant care for two.

Despite this success, the preterm birth rate rose for the fourth year in a row inand 1 in 10 babies (10%) was born too early in the United States.

Additionally, racial and ethnic differences in preterm birth rates remain. For example, inthe rate of preterm birth among non-Hispanic black women (14%) was about 50% higher than the.

Dána-Ain Davis looks into this phenomenon, placing racial differences in birth outcomes into a historical context, revealing that ideas about reproduction and race today have been influenced by the legacy of ideas which developed during the era of slavery.

While poor and low-income black women are often the “mascots” of premature birth Cited by: 5. Thieme E-Books & E-Journals. Abstract. Objectives To estimate the interhospital differences in induction of labor (IOL) from 34 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks' gestation by race/ethnicity.

Methods Women between 34 and 42 weeks' gestation during and in three states were identified using linked maternal and infant records. Women with prior cesarean delivery, premature rupture of membranes. A University of Alabama at Birmingham professor, Janet Bronstein, Ph.D., wrote the book “Preterm Birth in the United States: A Sociocultural Approach,” which provides a wide knowledge base for maternal and child health professionals across diverse disciplines, including public health, social work, nursing, medicine and health policy.

“The primary objective of this book is to explore. Two key components of infant mortality are analyzed: gestational age-specific infant mortality rates, and the distribution of births by gestational age. Differences by cause of death are also examined. Keywords: infant death • racial and ethnic differences • causes of infant death.

U.S. infant mortality rates vary greatly by race and Size: KB. Racial and Gender Differences in the Viability of Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Population-Based Study Steven B.

Morse, Samuel S. Wu, Changxing Ma, Cited by:. Racial differences in pregnancy complications – preeclampsia, preterm birth, preterm premature rupture of membranes - are associated with altered placental physiologic condition, metabolism, and function [,, ]. As such, exploration of racial differences in placental pathology may provide insight into the mechanisms underlying racial Author: Nana Matoba, Sushmita Yallapragada, Matthew Mason Davis, Linda M.

Ernst, James W Collins, Karen K L. The infant mortality rate in USA exceeds that of most other developed nations, ranking 26th among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries.1 Non-Hispanic black infants in USA die more than twice as often as non-Hispanic white infants ( vs per live births).2 This disparity reflects disparities in preterm birth (PTB) rates, since two-thirds of infant Cited by: 8.The attributable risk for preterm birth for selected infections was then calculated for the black and white populations and the impact on the racial gap in preterm births was : Kevin Fiscella.